Strokes can affect many aspects of our lives from physically moving our limbs to using or comprehending Expressive or Receptive Language. The effects are devastating!
Article on Regaining Language After a Stroke:
There are basically 3 types of strokes
1. Ischemic (clots) 87 % of strokes are an obstruction
2. Hemorrhagic (Bleeds) weakened blood vessels usually cause hemorrhagic stroke: aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Most of these come from untreated high blood pressure
3. TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack) is caused by a temporary clot. Often called a “mini stroke”,
What are the most common general effects of a stroke?
• Hemiparesis (weakness on one side of the body) or
hemiplegia (paralysis on one side of the body)
• Dysarthria (difficulty speaking or slurred speech), or
dysphagia (trouble swallowing)
• Loss of emotional control and changes in mood
• Cognitive changes (problems with memory, judgment,
problem-solving or a combination of these)
• Behavior changes (personality changes, improper
language or actions)
• Decreased field of vision (inability to see peripheral
vision) and trouble with visual perception
What are common changes with a left-brain injury?
• Paralysis or weakness on the right side of the body.
• Aphasia (difficulty getting your words out or
understanding what is being said)
• Behavior that may be more reserved and cautious
What are common changes with a right-brain injury?
• Paralysis or weakness on the left side of the body.
• One-sided neglect which is a lack of awareness of the
left side of the body. It may also be a lack of awareness
of what is going on to the survivor’s left. For example,
they may only eat from the right side of their plate,
ignoring the left side.
• Behavior may be more impulsive and less cautious
• It may be harder for the survivor to understand facial
expressions and tone of voice. They also may have less
expression in their own face and tone of voice when
What are common emotional effects of stroke?
• Apathy and lack of motivation
• Frustration, anger and sadness
• Pseudobulbar affect, also called reflex crying or
emotional lability (emotions may change rapidly and sometimes not match the mood) Denial of the changes caused by the brain injury
Suggestions for regaining Expressive Language:
* Use rhythm sticks as you converse
* Record the stroke patient’s language as they talk ( hearing themselves can make a help them make changes)
* Use Music to sing/talk
* Use a stress reduction system to promote relaxation
* Give the person a lot of time to complete a thought or a sentence.
* Use Functional Sign Language or a visual representation of the word or concept. This serves as a ‘cue’ to the topic.
If you suspect you have had or are having a stroke, get help immediately from your local emergency facility!
For more information on Warning Signs go to:
Just Another Thought by Dr. Lise’